by Jinfeng Liu, David Muñoz de la Peña and Panagiotis D. Christofides.
In this chapter, we focus on two distributed MPC (DMPC) schemes for the control of large-scale nonlinear systems in which severaldistinct sets of manipulated inputs are used to regulate the system. In the first scheme, the distributed controllers use a one-directional communication strategy, are evaluated in sequence and each controller is evaluated once at each sampling time; in the second scheme, the distributed controllers utilize a bi-directional communication strategy, are evaluated in parallel and iterate to improve closed-loop performance. In the design of the distributed controllers, Lyapunov-based model predictive control techniques are used. To ensure the stability of the closed-loop system, each model predictive controller in both schemes incorporates a stability constraint which is based on a suitable Lyapunov-based controller. We review the properties of the two DMPC schemes from stability, performance, computational complexity points of view. Subsequently, we briefly discuss the applications of the DMPC schemes to chemical processes and renewable energy generation systems.