A distributed-in-time NMPC-based coordination mechanism for resource sharing problems

by Mohamed Yacine Lamoudi, Mazen Alamir and Patrick B├ęguery.

In this chapter, a hierarchical model predictive control framework is presented for a network of subsystems that are submitted to general resource sharing constraints. The method is based on a primal decomposition of the centralized openloop optimization problem over several subsystems. A coordinator is responsible of adjusting the parameters of the problems that are to be solved by each subsystem. A distributed-in-time feature is combined with a bundle method at the coordination layer that enables to enhance the performance and the real-time implementability of the proposed approach. The scheme performance is assessed using a real-life energy coordination problem in a building involving 20 zones that have to share a limited amount of total power.